Key facts about Malaysia’s election process

Najeeb is under pressure to deliver a convincing victory for his undefeated Barisan Nasional (BN) coalition

Toughest test

Malaysia’s Prime Minister Najeeb Razak and his ruling coalition face their toughest general election on Wednesday with an unprecedented challenge from his former mentor turned opposition leader Mahathir Mohammad.

Najeeb is under pressure to deliver a convincing victory for his undefeated Barisan Nasional (BN) coalition, as he grapples with financial scandals and public anger over rising prices.

Najeeb’s coalition is still expected to win the election, but a significant loss of seats to the opposition could leave the prime minister open to a leadership challenge within his United Malay National Organisation (UMNO) party.


seats in the Dewan Rakyat, Malaysia’s lower house, will be decided on May 9.


seats were won by Najeeb’s ruling coalition in 2013, but he lost the popular vote.

Campaign and polling

The polling date and campaign period are decided by the Election Commission (EC). The 11-day campaign began on April 28. Polls open on May 9 at 8am local time — 4am in the UAE — and close at 5pm local time — 1pm in the UAE.

There are nearly 15 million registered voters. Full results are expected to be announced by midnight the next day, EC officials said.

Polling system

Malaysia adopted a Westminster parliamentary model after gaining independence from Britain in 1957. The government is elected through a first-past-the-post, or simple majority, system.

Undefeated for decades

The UMNO-led coalition has been undefeated since independence. The coalition contains parties representing the country’s three main ethnic groups: majority Malays, most of whom are Muslim, ethnic Chinese and ethnic Indians.

— Compiled from agencies


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